Plan for Fortification

Our first recommendation to any country considering fortification is to form a national alliance. Seek participation and commitment from national leaders representing public, private, and civic sectors.

Be sure each stakeholder understands the health and economic benefits for fortification. Involving all sectors early in the process prevents overlooking key information. It also builds commitment from each group to work toward success.

Among the topics to consider when planning are:

  • Nutrition: Analyze data on nutrition deficiencies in your country and determine which deficiencies can be addressed with fortification.

  • Intake: Consider the commonly consumed foods and clarify which foods to fortify to create the desired health impact.

  • Industry: Determine the number of large mills in your country and what equipment and training they need to begin and sustain fortification.

  • Standards: Establish a country standard to specify what nutrients to add to the grain and how much of each nutrient to include.

  • Legislation: Mandatory fortification is more likely than voluntary fortification to produce the desired health impact. Passing fortification legislation is a significant milestone.

  • Communications: Think strategically about how to influence key decision makers to gain support.

As part of planning, indicators may be developed to track the progress and impact of fortification. The World Health Organization has a list of indicators that may be adapted and adopted by countries for their fortification programs.

Contact us at any stage of the process, and we will connect you with partners to address your concerns. E-mail

Solomon Islands

The Food Fortification National Committee in the Solomon Islands is a good example of a multi-sector group planning a national fortification program. Photo by Steve Alufurai for the Solomon Islands Ministry of Health and Medical Services.

Top Photo Credit: @Smarter Futures

Partners to include in a national food fortification alliance:

  • Public institutions that oversee food quality and safety
  • Business and industries providing staple foods
  • Health groups and consumer associations
  • United Nations or multilateral agencies
  • Scientific and academic groups involved in nutrition
  • Ministers of finance or leading economists