Implement Effectively

A key to effective implementation is to engage millers at the beginning of the country’s fortification discussions. Industry leaders can help ensure that recommended standards will be feasible to implement. National milling associations can be instrumental in implementing national scale fortification and making sure that the effort is sustainable. 

Establishing processes for quality control is also an important part of effective implementation. See “Monitoring for Quality and Impact” for more information.

To add vitamins and minerals to industrially milled wheat or maize flour, millers use the same technical process they use to add ingredients to improve dough handling or increase shelf life. Consequently modern millers are familiar with the equipment and expertise needed for fortification.

The Flour Millers’ Tool Kit offers suggestions for:

Fortified rice is made by first making fortified rice kernels through extrusion or coating technology. The fortified kernels are then blended with unfortified rice at specific ratios to be packaged for consumers. If rice is not washed before cooking or is not cooked in excess water, then a dusting technology is available. See resources for rice fortification and a technical manual.

When fortification is mandatory, marketing may not be necessary. Some countries, however, include consumer education or social marketing in their communications plan.

We focus on fortification in industrial mills. See other resources for fortification in small mills.

For more information on fortification in industrial mills, contact us at

Top Photo Credit: WFP/Aditya Arya

Industry partners implement fortification daily. They are are essential to include in the fortification planning process, and they are often strong supporters of mandatory fortification. Greg Harvey, pictured here, has been instrumental in promoting flour fortification in Asia in his role as CEO of Interflour. He is also a global leader as chairman of the FFI Executive Management Team.