Globally 79 countries have legislation to mandate fortification at least one major cereal grain. Of these, 78 countries fortify wheat flour, 12 countries fortify maize products, and 5 countries fortify rice. The countries with legislation are blue on the map below. Click on the links at right for separate global maps reflecting grain availability and legislation.
Costa Rica is the only country that mandates fortification of all three grains, and Papua New Guinea is the only country that requires only rice fortification.
Currently 78 countries require fortification of wheat flour produced in industrial mills. All the mandatory countries fortify wheat flour with at least iron and folic acid except Australia which does not include iron, and Venezuela, the United Kingdom, and the Philippines which do not include folic acid.
Additionally, seven countries fortify at least half their industrially milled wheat flour through voluntary efforts. We estimate that 31% of the world’s industrially milled wheat flour is fortified with at least iron or folic acid through these mandatory and voluntary efforts.
Brazil, Colombia, Indonesia, the Dominican Republic, and the United States have large-scale rice fortification programs though rice fortification is not mandatory throughout these countries.
We define mandatory as legislation that has the effect of requiring fortification of one or more type of grain with at least iron or folic acid. Most countries permit fortification. We only list a country as "voluntary" if at least 50% of the industrially-milled grain is fortified through voluntary efforts.
For country information, scroll your mouse over the country on the map below. Follow the link to the country profile in the pop-up box or choose the country name from below the map. Also see this legislation spreadsheet for global information that can be sorted by grain, country, or legislative status.
Countries not listed below do not require grain fortification. See the Country Profiles for more data on those countries.
We rely on information from partners for this data. Please send an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org to provide corrected or missing information. We can also provide you with data in the country profiles in a spreadsheet on a regional or global basis. Send a request telling us the specific information you need to email@example.com.